Publications


Lawrence, G. A., & Armi, L. (2022). Stationary internal hydraulic jumps. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 936, 31. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2022.74
Munoz, R. C., Armi, L., Rutllant, J. A., Falvey, M., Whiteman, C. D., Garreaud, R., Arriagada, A., Flores, F., & Donoso, N. (2020). Raco wind at the exit of the Maipo Canyon in Central Chile: Climatology, special observations, and possible mechanisms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59(4), 725–749. https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-19-0188.1
Jagannathan, A., Winters, K. B., & Armi, L. (2020). The effect of a strong density step on blocked stratified flow over topography. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 889. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.87
Jagannathan, A., Winters, K., & Armi, L. (2019). Stratified flows over and around long dynamically tall mountain ridges. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76(5), 1265–1287. https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-18-0145.1
Mayr, G. J., Plavcan, D., Armi, L., Elvidge, A., Grisogono, B., Horvath, K., Jackson, P., Neururer, A., Seibert, P., Steenburgh, J. W., Stiperski, I., Sturman, A., Vecenaj, Z., Vergeiner, J., Vosper, S., & Zangl, G. (2018). The community foehn classification experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99(11), 2229–2235. https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0200.1
Jagannathan, A., Winters, K. B., & Armi, L. (2017). Stability of stratified downslope flows with an overlying stagnant isolating layer. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 810, 392–411. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.683
Armi, L., & Mayr, G. J. (2015). Virtual and real topography for flows across mountain ranges. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 54(4), 723–731. https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-14-0231.1
Winters, K. B., & Armi, L. (2014). Topographic control of stratified flows: upstream jets, blocking and isolating layers. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 753, 80–103. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.363
Winters, K. B., & Armi, L. (2013). The response of a continuously stratified fluid to an oscillating flow past an obstacle. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 727, 83–118. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2013.247
Winters, K. B., & Armi, L. (2012). Hydraulic control of continuously stratified flow over an obstacle. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 700, 502–513. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2012.157
Hildebrand, J. A., Armi, L., & Henkart, P. C. (2012). Seismic imaging of the water-column deep layer associated with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Geophysics, 77(2), EN11–EN16. https://doi.org/10.1190/geo2011-0347.1
Armi, L., & Mayr, G. J. (2011). The Descending Stratified Flow and Internal Hydraulic Jump in the Lee of the Sierras. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(10), 1995–2011. https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-10-05005.1
Biescas, B., Armi, L., Sallares, V., & Gracia, E. (2010). Seismic imaging of staircase layers below the Mediterranean Undercurrent. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 57(10), 1345–1353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2010.07.001
Mayr, G. J., & Armi, L. (2010). The Influence of Downstream Diurnal Heating on the Descent of Flow across the Sierras. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49(9), 1906–1912. https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jamc2516.1
Cummins, P. F., & Armi, L. (2010). Upstream Internal Jumps in Stratified Sill Flow: Observations of Formation, Evolution, and Release. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40(6), 1419–1426. https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jpo4435.1
Ilicak, M., & Armi, L. (2010). Comparison between a non-hydrostatic numerical model and analytic theory for the two-layer exchange flows. Ocean Modelling, 35(3), 264–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.05.002
Armi, L., & Riemenschneider, U. (2008). Two-layer hydraulics for a co-located crest and narrows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 615, 169–184. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112008003546
Mayr, G. J., & Armi, L. (2008). Fohn as a response to changing upstream and downstream air masses. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134(635), 1357–1369. https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.295
Moum, J. N., Farmer, D. M., Shroyer, E. L., Smyth, W. D., & Armi, L. (2007). Dissipative losses in nonlinear internal waves propagating across the continental shelf. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37(7), 1989–1995. https://doi.org/10.1175/jpo3091.1
Armi, L., & Mayr, G. J. (2007). Continuously stratified flows across an Alpine crest with a pass: Shallow and deep fohn. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 133(623), 459–477. https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.22
Mayr, G. J., Armi, L., Gohm, A., Zaengl, G., Durran, D. R., Flamant, C., Gaberek, S., Mobbs, S., Ross, A., & Weissmann, M. (2007). Gap flows: Results from the Mesoscale Alpine Programme. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 133(625), 881–896. https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.66
Cummins, P. F., Armi, L., & Vagle, S. (2006). Upstream internal hydraulic jumps. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36(5), 753–769. https://doi.org/10.1175/jpo2894.1
Adachi, Y., Kawamura, K., Armi, L., & Keeling, R. F. (2006). Diffusive separation of the lower atmosphere. Science (Washington), 311(5766), 1429–1429. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121312
Siedler, G., Armi, L., & Muller, T. J. (2005). Meddies and decadal changes at the Azores Front from 1980 to 2000. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 52(3–4), 583–604. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.12.010
Mayr, G. J., Armi, L., Arnold, S., Banta, R. M., Darby, L. S., Durran, D. D., Flamant, C., Gabersek, S., Gohm, A., Mayr, R., Mobbs, S., Nance, L. B., Vergeiner, I., Vergeiner, J., & Whiteman, C. D. (2004). Gap flow measurements during the Mesoscale Alpine Programme. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 86(1–2), 99–119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00703-003-0022-2
Eastwood, C. D., Armi, L., & Lasheras, J. C. (2004). The breakup of immiscible fluids in turbulent flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 502, 309–333. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112003007730
Moum, J. N., Farmer, D. M., Smyth, W. D., Armi, L., & Vagle, S. (2003). Structure and generation of turbulence at interfaces strained by internal solitary waves propagating shoreward over the continental shelf. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33(10), 2093–2112. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<2093:sagota>2.0.co;2
Cummins, P. F., Vagle, S., Armi, L., & Farmer, D. M. (2003). Stratified flow over topography: upstream influence and generation of nonlinear internal waves. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 459(2034), 1467–1487. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2002.1077
Armi, L., & Farmer, D. (2002). Stratified flow over topography: bifurcation fronts and transition to the uncontrolled state. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 513–538. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2001.0887
Farmer, D. M., & Armi, L. (2001). Stratified flow over topography: models versus observations. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 457(2016), 2827–2830.
Flament, P., Lumpkin, R., Tournadre, J., & Armi, L. (2001). Vortex pairing in an unstable anticyclonic shear flow: discrete subharmonics of one pendulum day. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 440, 401–409. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022112001004955
Pawlak, G., & Armi, L. (2000). Mixing and entrainment in developing stratified currents. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 424, 45–73. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112000001877
Munk, W., Armi, L., Fischer, K., & Zachariasen, F. (2000). Spirals on the sea. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 456(1997), 1217–1280.
Lumpkin, R., Flament, P., Kloosterziel, R., & Armi, L. (2000). Vortex merging in a 1-1/2-layer fluid on an f plane. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30(1), 233–242. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<0233:vmialf>2.0.co;2
Flament, P., & Armi, L. (2000). The shear, convergence, and thermohaline structure of a front. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30(1), 51–66. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<0051:tscats>2.0.co;2
Farmer, D., & Armi, L. (1999). Stratified flow over topography: the role of small-scale entrainment and mixing in flow establishment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 455(1989), 3221–3258.
Ambar, I., Armi, L., Bower, A., & Ferreira, T. (1999). Some aspects of time variability of the Mediterranean Water off south Portugal. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 46(7), 1109–1136. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0967-0637(99)00006-0
Farmer, D., & Armi, L. (1999). The generation and trapping of solitary waves over topography. Science, 283(5399), 188–190. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.283.5399.188
Pawlak, G., & Armi, L. (1998). Vortex dynamics in a spatially accelerating shear layer. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 376, 1–35. https://doi.org/10.1017/s002211209800250x
Ralph, F. M., Armi, L., Bane, J. M., Dorman, C., Neff, W. D., Neiman, P. J., Nuss, W., & Persson, P. O. G. (1998). Observations and analysis of the 10-11 June 1994 coastally trapped disturbance. Monthly Weather Review, 126(9), 2435–2465.
Dorman, C. E., Armi, L., Bane, J. M., & Rogers, D. P. (1998). Sea surface mixed layer during the 10-11 June 1991 California coastally trapped event. Monthly Weather Review, 126(3), 600–619.
Bower, A. S., Armi, L., & Ambar, I. (1997). Lagrangian observations of Meddy formation during A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27(12), 2545–2575. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1997)027<2545:loomfd>2.0.co;2
Pawlak, G., & Armi, L. (1997). Hydraulics of two-layer arrested wedge flows. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 35(5), 603–618.
Pawlak, G., & Armi, L. (1996). Stability and mixing of a two-layer exchange flow. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 24(1–4), 139–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0265(95)00447-5
Bower, A. S., Armi, L., & Ambar, I. (1995). Direct Evidence of Meddy Formation Off the Southwestern Coast of Portugal. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 42(9), 1621–1630. https://doi.org/10.1016/0967-0637(95)00045-8
Armi, L., & Williams, R. (1993). The Hydraulics of a Stratified Fluid Flowing through a Contraction. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 251, 355–375. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112093003441
Williams, R., & Armi, L. (1991). Two-Layer Hydraulics with Comparable Internal Wave Speeds. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 230, 667–691. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112091000927
Williams, R., & Armi, L. (1991). The Planetary Boundary-Layer of the Deep Western Boundary Undercurrent. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, 38(3), 393-. https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(91)90075-q
Armi, L., & Williams, R. (1991). The Deep Western Boundary Undercurrent Off the Newfoundland Ridge. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, 38(3), 371–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(91)90074-p
Zenk, W., & Armi, L. (1990). The Complex Spreading Pattern of Mediterranean Water Off the Portuguese Continental-Slope. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, 37(12), 1805–1823. https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(90)90079-b